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Mediterranean diet during pregnancy associated with lower risk of accelerated growth

The Mediterranean diet is characterised by a high content of fruits, vegetables, olive oil, legumes and nuts. This healthy diet pattern has been associated with lower obesity and cardiometabolic risk in adults, but few studies have focused on children. A new study, published in the Journal of Pediatrics, evaluates the association between adherence to a Mediterranean diet during pregnancy with growth patterns and cardiometabolic risk in early infancy.  The study was performed with data from over 2,700 pregnant women from Asturias, Guipúzcoa, Sabadell and Valencia, who are part of the INMA-Childhood and Environment cohort. The women filled in a questionnaire on dietary intake in the first and third trimester of pregnancy. In addition, the diet, weight and height of their offspring were followed up from birth to age four. Other tests such as blood analysis and blood pressure were also performed at age four.  Read more...

 

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